Hey SIDizens!!! We're looking forward to getting back together with everyone this week, we love you guys. We'll be skyping with a current USAID worker and SID alum Eliza Grover to learn more about the role of the US government in development. We all need a good reason to destress this week, so come be with great people, drink tea, and learn more about the inner workings of USAID!!
Also, for those interested in what the next few years might look like for government aid, Devex provides news coverage and analysis of the impact of each election on foreign aid:
Welcome SIDizens and guests! What a historic week this is!
A few of your SID officers have compiled some major points concerning International Development from the top Republican, Democratic, and leading Utah candidate in the United State's 2016 Presidential election. Get informed and up-to-date and come to our next activity where we will discuss how the US government is involved in development through aid organizations like USAID.
Read through their positions and decide for yourself, who should really be our next president? Each of the three candidates- Hillary Clinton, Donald Trump, and Evan McMullin- have been assessed on these 4 categories:
Refugees and Immigration Conflict in the Middle East Climate Change and Domestic Poverty
What does the 2016 presidential election mean for international development? Hillary Clinton
Refugees and Immigration
Clinton states that she has 9 goals concerning refugees and immigration. Her campaign platform states that she will: Introduce comprehensive immigration reform, end the three- and 10-year bars, defend President Obama’s executive actions—known as DACA and DAPA—against partisan attacks, do everything possible under the law to protect families, enforce immigration laws humanely, end family detention and close private immigration detention centers, expand access to affordable health care to all families, promote naturalization, and support immigrant integration. At the core of her decisions concerning reform is this statement: “We are a nation of immigrants, and we treat those who come to our country with dignity and respect—and that we embrace immigrants, not denigrate them.”
Hillary Clinton’s record on Middle East conflict intervention makes a stark contrast compare to her chief-President Obama. She has pushed for U.S. intervention in Libya and urged the commander-in-chief to take military action against the Syrian president Bashar al-Assad. The Obama Administration, however, chose to stay safely within the borders of restrain and retrenchment. Earlier this year, Clinton spoke before the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, laying plans of foreign intervention which indicates a likely hawkish approach if she won the Oval Office’s seat. One of Clinton’s most controversial comments regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict signals that she’ll give greater support to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Political analysts recognize a crucial part of Clinton’s path to gaining Bernie Sanders and President Obama’s supporters includes a more evenhanded role between Israel and Palestine.
HILLARY CLINTON: We may not have always agreed on every detail, but we’ve always shared an unwavering, unshakable commitment to our alliance and to Israel’s future as a secure and democratic homeland for the Jewish people.
Clinton aims to reduce US greenhouse gas emissions by up to 30% by 2025 and 80% by 2050 by regulating pollution and establishing efficiency standards. If achieved, this would drastically reduce global emissions as the US and China emit almost 40% of the world’s greenhouse gases. She has promised to launch a $60 billion Clean Energy Challenge to provide competitive grants and awards to states and communities that cut CO2 emissions and expand clean energy, especially solar power, as well as provide tax incentives for clean energy. Policy analysts critique the plan, as to meet the ambitious goals Clinton would have to get legislation through Congress to mandate renewable power or tax greenhouse gas, legislation that has flopped in the past.
Hillary Clinton’s stance on domestic taxes pay regard to small businesses and low-income families. Her goal is to provide tax-relief to working families, cut costs for small and growing businesses, and close the private tax loopholes that favor the wealthy. Her jobs package will include a $50 billion investment in youth employment programs, reentry support for the formerly incarcerated, and entrepreneurship and small-business growth in underserved communities. She wants to raise minimum wage and ensure that no family has to pay more than 10% of their income on childcare. She defends social security and will expand the benefits of it to those who need it most.
Refugees and Immigration
Trump chooses to focus on the current citizens of the States, making sure they are offered the first job opportunities. To do this, his platform has released a “10 Point Plan to Put America First:”
2. End catch-and-release. Under a Trump administration, anyone who illegally crosses the border will be detained until they are removed out of our country.
3. Move criminal aliens out day one, in joint operations with local, state, and federal law enforcement. We will terminate the Obama administration’s deadly, non-enforcement policies that allow thousands of criminal aliens to freely roam our streets.
4. End sanctuary cities.
5. Immediately terminate President Obama’s two illegal executive amnesties. All immigration laws will be enforced - we will triple the number of ICE agents. Anyone who enters the U.S. illegally is subject to deportation. That is what it means to have laws and to have a country.
6. Suspend the issuance of visas to any place where adequate screening cannot occur, until proven and effective vetting mechanisms can be put into place.
7. Ensure that other countries take their people back when we order them deported.
8. Ensure that a biometric entry-exit visa tracking system is fully implemented at all land, air, and sea ports.
9. Turn off the jobs and benefits magnet. Many immigrants come to the U.S. illegally in search of jobs, even though federal law prohibits the employment of illegal immigrants.
10. Reform legal immigration to serve the best interests of America and its workers, keeping immigration levels within historic norms.
Donald Trump’s proposed solution sounds simple but leaves room for greater negative repercussions. He has said America will with side with any nation who would join effort with us to oust ISIS. Yet, his invitation would mean that few of the parties with conflicting interest, for example a mutual strengthening of Iran, Syria, and Hezbollah equals potential for catastrophic destruction in the region, particularly Jerusalem. Mr. Trump has seesawed his position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He first expressed greater support for Israel, then changed to remaining neutral during the peace talks. Later, he voiced that neutrality would be difficult to achieve. Although Mr. Trump is a loud critique of both the Iran deal and U.S. involvement in Iraq, he has no clear plan on how he would handle the situation differently. His suggested resolution revolves more around increasing the numbers of sanctions on Iran, etc.
On his website, Trump opposes continuing President Obama’s goals to reduce methane emissions by 40-45%, as he says they will drastically increase the cost of natural gas. Instead, he proposes that the government encourage the use of natural gas and oil, which he claims will reduce emissions along with the price of energy. Trump has also tweeted extensively regarding climate change:
Donald Trump’s domestic initiatives for family welfare include a Childcare rebate to low-income households, a tax deduction for working parents concerning childcare and elderly care, and tax reductions across the board with a “massive tax reduction” for working and middle-income families. He would like to make our business tax rate more competitive to keep jobs in America and the Trump Plan will lower the business tax rate from 35 percent to 15 percent, and eliminate the corporate alternative minimum tax. This rate is available to all businesses, both small and large, that want to retain the profits within the business.
Estimates report that Trump’s plan will increase the economy and grow jobs by almost 2 million. Source: donaldjtrump.com Evan McMullin
Refugees and Immigration
McMullin wants “to secure [the] border first and foremost,” which involves “whatever it takes to secure our border with Mexico.” To McMullin this “does not mean deporting 11 million people” but reforming legal immigration. His vision is that the law will be fairly enforced, checking immigrant workers with eVerify to ascertain that they are legal. Non-criminal illegal immigrants should identify themselves and register themselves to begin the process of gaining citizenship. He fully supports making a better legal pathway for this to be achieved, because he believes that “Immigrants and their children have a long record of hard work, starting businesses, and creating jobs” within the States. He stated “there is a lot of unjustified hysteria around the refugee situation” and believes that his refugee system would be safe, after working with the CIA for 10 years and seeing that terrorists could infiltrate the country using much quicker and easier methods.
Evan McMullin says neither candidate can provide the White House with adequate leadership to maintain U.S. position in the world. McMullin argues that Muslims, whether Americans or overseas, are the key to counter terrorism. He recommended to first limit the power of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad. Mr. McMullin proposed no specific plans on possible replacement for the Middle East autocrat or plans to stave off the power-hungry Saudi Arabia and Iran, but he suggested a stronger presence in the region. He says America’s presence will send a clear message to allies to increase their intervention, therefore diminishing Russian influence. His overall approach for foreign policy centers around greater intervention and taking the leading role.
McMullin says he is concerned about climate change, but opposes President Obama’s response that he claims has been economically costly. His campaign does not offer many specifics beyond this, saying only that he would focus on promoting innovation through investing in basic research.
Evan McMullin claims that economic growth is the best long-term solution to poverty in America. He is addressing three main roadblocks that he believes are hindering America’s economy. His plan is to simplify and make more fair the tax code to help small businesses and create jobs. This includes cutting small business’ taxes and also the corporate tax. The middle class deserves an income-tax break. He believes that supplementing paychecks for the poor is a better option than raising minimum wage because of the loss of jobs that would result. His stance on nationwide medicare is that the power should be given to the states to distribute and fund so that spending is better regulated and that every citizen be given access to medical insurance without substantial costs.
Researched and Assembled by: Adrian, Lucy, Elise, Claudia, and Julia
If you happened to miss Dr. Hudson's amazing presentation on women's stability and presence in this world, I urge you to read her book Sex and World Peace. Personally, my whole idea of feminism and its importance was flipped upside down. What an inspired work and effort!
**And guess what? Emma Watson even quoted her book a couple of weeks ago. Pretty neat!
She is a co-founder of the Woman Stats Project in 2001 and is a former Professor here at BYU.
Look for her second book coming out soon.
Look here to find out more about Dr. Hudson:
Hillary is a
Junior from New Hampshire. She is studying majoring in history and
minoring in international development. She feels that history facilitates
mutual understanding and cooperation between people. After
graduating, Hillary wants to work with her family's nonprofit, Color my World. The
organization started 12 years ago gathering and donating humanitarian kits.
Since then, it has grown to organize humanitarian trips across Central America.
Last summer, Hillary spent two months in Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Costa Rica.
This December, she will represent her family's nonprofit, volunteering at a
refugee camp in Greece.
Color my World is hosting an informational webinar about its summer volunteer
opportunities this Sunday at 6 PM EST. Link here to
register. If you have any other questions, feel free to reach out to
Hillary on the SID Facebook group.
Stephen is a junior
majoring in political science. He is also doing a minor in fine arts. He is a
very talented and creative person, rides his bike everywhere, and is a great
Mariachi singer. Stephen spent this past summer in Malawi both as the internship
coordinator and as a Project Evaluation & Assessment Team (PEAT) intern.
This photo comes from the Gule Wamkulu in Malawi.
These are your latest and greatest officers of 2016. This semester, be sure to keep an eye out on campus for theses stellar SIDizens and give them a shout out!
Matthew Gale, President
Senior in Entrepreneurship
Avid cyclist and mountain biker; participated in 206 mile cycling race from Logan, UT to Jackson Hole, WY. He enjoys whitewater kayaking, back-country skiing, scuba diving, backpacking, and hiking volcanoes in Central America.
Laura Boyer, President
Her major is Political Science with a double minor in Environmental Science and International Development. "My favorite food is cottage cheese."
Adrian Glover, President
Adrian is a public health major with an emphasis in health science and a minor in international development. As a child he frequently thought he was an American Indian and could be found in the yard shooting his siblings with a bow and arrow.
"I’m Connor Kreutz and I’m a Super Secretary. I am a Sophomore majoring in International Relations and German Studies with a Business Strategy minor. I love grocery shopping and dance parties. Your grandma and I are probably best friends."
This Emily Wright, another Super Secretary!
Junior, Major: Sociology, Minors: International Development & Spanish
"Weirdest thing that I have ever eaten is guinea pig in the Andes of Ecuador. And yes, it does taste like chicken."
"Hi, my name is Julia Cook and I'm a blogoholic. I'm a former French au pair turned student. Currently I am an Entrepreneurial Business Management major and Int. Development minor. I am a photographer, I wish I could eat sushi for every meal, and I absolutely hate scary movies."
Meet, Elise Glover! She is one of our Social Media Wiz's! She is a Freshman whose major is still undeclared. A fun fact about her is that her feet are so small, she has to buy kid’s size shoes.
Claudia Soto Gale is one of our Social Media Wizs!
Majoring in Sociology
Minoring in International Development and Italian
She is from Costa Rica and has ridden on an elephant in Thailand.
Katy Ducos is our Designer!
She is a sophomore majoring in Political Science.
"I def have the majority of the first act of Hamilton memorized....(and can rap guns and ships #holla).
Amber, Networking Aficionado
"Hello my name is Nik Wilde and I am Networking Aficionado
I am a Freshman who just got out of high school and I am majoring in Chemical Engineering.
I love all things outdoors. Climbing, hiking, camping, and serving are some of my favorite activities!
Coolest place I have been is Tanzania."
Stephen Kent Hunsaker Jr is another one of our Networking Aficionados!
International Relations/International Development and Art minor.
I made my own bead curtain last semester by braiding 13,000 beads into a bamboo rod. It was horrible but it looks nice.
Monica, Coordinator of the Amped Ambassadors
Laurie Batschi is one of our Amped Ambassadors!
She is a Junior majoring in International Relations.
"Once when I was exploring a mosque in Xi'an China, I rounded a corner and encountered camel in the process of being skinned and sacrificed for Eid al-Fitr. Way cooler than the Terra-cotta Warriors."
Bailey Lubeck is one of our Amped Ambassadors. (Can't you tell!?)
Asian Studies (China) Major / International Development Minor
"I lived in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taiwan."
Jon Harper is also an Amped Ambassador. He is on BYU's cross-country and track team and is majoring in International Relations. He wanted to tell you all that he "loves pizza and pancakes so much!!!!"
SID is excited to host an event on Dr. Hadfield's new book on empowerment, public health, and local development! Several IAS 220 students who have read this book will present on it for 10 minutes. Dr Hadfield will then discuss it, relate it to the cultural sensitivity. We will finish with a Q&A. This book helps curb the "White Man's Burden"/savior mentality because it shows the power of letting locals find solutions to their own problems.